Cat with bald spots in the coat. What could be the cause?
Do you have a cat with bald spots? A cat (or female) can get bald patches in the coat for various reasons. This can be accompanied by red skin, raw or rough skin, pimples and bumps, skin flakes, and so on. The cat can also feel quite ill. Bald spots in combination with (red) pimples on the skin are often caused by an allergic reaction to flea bites in cats. You should not underestimate this. Cats often scratch and bite and wash (lick) excessively on the itchy or painful skin. As a result, the coat can become increasingly bald.
The cat’s skin is allergic to the flea bites or substances in factory food, and this causes a terrible itching for the cat. A lot of bumps form on the skin and the skin can be completely covered with them. Usually on the back, on the rear and on the hind legs. Also around the tail / back. There is often an allergy to fleas. By excessive washing, biting and possibly scratching, the coat will even disappear completely. There are other causes for a cat to bite or lick its fur. The vet can best figure this out. If the cat is biting itself due to stress, for example because the cat is unhappy, a pheromone spray may be an option; this makes cats calmer.
What are possible causes of bald spots in a cat’s coat?
If a cat is itchy, it will scratch itself. The cat scratches and bites itself (sometimes even bleeding). Red spots, swollen spots, and bald spots often arise from the many washing in one place. For example on the stomach if there is a flea allergy. The hair is also often pulled out and eaten. Therefore, the cat gets large bald patches or thinned hair. Under the coat there may be a ‘rush’ of itchy rash, making the cat look like it is a very sick animal. Parasites, sooner or later, always cause problems. Fleas are known for the fact that cats can eventually become allergic to the flea bites. They can really get sick from the itching. They can also suffer from anemia because fleas constantly sting them and sucking blood.
Allergic to cat food: canned food and / or kibble
It is also common for cats to be allergic to cat food. In many cases, the vet will recommend expensive cat food that the vet sells themselves, but if there is no emergency, you may wonder if this is always necessary. After all, cats only eat raw meat in nature and that is their natural food. It is not surprising to try this out first. Canned food and kibble are full of substances that cats never eat in nature. It also contains hardly any animal protein, while cats in nature only eat it. In nature, a cat eats birds with feathers, bones, legs and even the beak, and small rodents. A cat also catches insects in nature. A cat naturally has a diet that consists of 100% animals. Domestic cats are fed vegetable food. Most types of cat food that you find in the supermarket almost only contain vegetable products such as corn, supplemented with fragrances and flavors. Lots of substances to which cats can react allergic. It looks like meat but is therefore food for herbivores. Cats are carnivores so their natural food is often the solution to many problems. After all, we are not going to feed a lion sandwiches.
Can a cat eat raw meat?
In nature, cats only eat raw meat. Cats can digest raw meat very well as they have very strong stomach acid, which is tuned to eat raw animal proteins. Do not cook the meat. (Bones, for example, splinter after cooking.) Cats mainly eat muscle tissue and that’s what’s best for them. A lot of organ meats are not good for them. In nature they only get that in moderation. Cats are much less sensitive to salmonella than, for example, humans. However, always provide fresh raw meat and beware of spoilage.
If a cat would benefit from grooming at a grooming salon, it is worth contacting them. Long-haired cats, in particular, may need a bath. Tangles in a long-haired coat can also be very painful for a cat.
Itching in the cat
Of course the animal suffers a lot from the parasites and there is a lot of itching. Fleas bite and cause itching bumps. In the long run, the cats are only fixated on the torment of the itching and pain. The bald spots also don’t look fresh. Do not let the cat walk around untreated as constant itching and pain is nerve-racking for the animal. Provide a good flea remedy and vacuum your house daily. Places where the cat sleeps it is best to beat and change daily. The cat will recover quickly with a good flea remedy. The cat may also suffer from hairballs, as it is often bathing and scratching or biting itself. Long-haired cats, in particular, can develop tangles and felting of the fur. Nowadays, if the cat is obsessed with scratching in a chronic condition that causes itching, dull artificial nails can be placed around the nails, which means that a cat’s nails are no longer sharp. The cause of itching should always be treated.
Mites can also cause bald spots in the coat, actually also because the cat will scratch a lot as a result of the intense itching.
Cats can get bald patches from different types of allergies. Common allergies are:
- Flea allergy.
- Allergy to things from the environment.
- Food allergy.
Bald spots in the coat
Because the cat has a lot of itching because of bumps on the skin, the cat scratches and bites away hair. Allergies can be treated well. With remedies against fleas, an adapted menu or by changing factors in the environment. Often it is necessary to treat this with the help of medication through the vet. He can, for example, prescribe tablets against allergies, which will reduce itching. If there are other pets and there are fleas in the house, treat all animals at the same time for fleas. You don’t need to have many fleas in the house. Cats that have an allergic reaction to flea bites are prone to excessive itching. If there is a food allergy, the cat will be given an adjusted diet. A diet with less protein or with processed protein may be necessary. It may also be the case that a cat is allergic to canned food and kibble. The natural food of the cat is raw meat, such as small mammals and poultry and for example raw fish. More and more cats are being fed raw meat because cans of cat food and kibble hardly contain any meat.
There are many more causes that can cause a cat to get bald spots. For example:
- Hormonal changes (after neutering or spaying) can thin out the abdomen and fur on the rear quite a bit. The cat will go bald evenly on both sides. The vet can improve with hormone injections. The baldness can also be temporary and can recover.
- Fast-acting thyroid: the cat may be nervous and eat a lot, but still not gain weight or lose weight. They wash so often that their fur is getting thinner.
- Problems with the adrenal glands.
- Vitamin deficiency (rare).
- Deficiencies in unsaturated fatty acids.
- Skin infections due to fungi or bacteria
- Ringworm (also a fungus).
Fleas, ticks, worms in cats
You can perfectly combat fleas, ticks or worms in cats (and dogs) with various modern products such as:
- Frontline Combo.
Means against fleas
Many of these agents work more or less the same but often differently. Stronghold can no longer be sold by pet stores and is only available through veterinarians, who unfortunately charge very high prices for this drug. Stronghold is extremely effective against all types of parasites. The new generation of parasites is made sterile by Stronghold and it shows. The cat is quickly rid of the parasites and Stronghold works according to the instructions for a few months. There are also other excellent alternatives available, which are increasingly helping to kill nasty parasites. Just take a look at a pet store.
Fleas, ticks, worms?
Every dog or cat owner sooner or later has to deal with fleas and ticks and worms. In the past, the animal was put on a flea collar against fleas, which hardly helped. Combing cats or dogs and putting them in a bath is also quite a job and unfortunately does not help enough. Fleas can be controlled reasonably well with daily combing and flea-catching, daily vacuuming and daily cleaning of the pet’s sleeping area, but using a flea remedy in combination with hygiene works faster and more effectively. But other parasites, such as worms, cannot be easily controlled at all without tools. After all, worms must be fought from the inside, ticks and fleas are also best fought from the inside. Common parasites that your pet can suffer from include:
Stronghold and Frontline
Stronghold and Frontline are well-known agents that are used against fleas and allergic reactions to fleas. However, there are many different products to combat parasites in cats. You would do well to read carefully which one you need, for which pet (cat or dog), weight of the animal, against which parasites and for what purpose. Stronghold is only for sale at the vet. Frontline is for sale in the pet stores.
Stronghold contains a substance that disrupts and stops the cycle of a flea in such a way that fleas do not die on their own. The next generation can no longer reproduce. The next generation of fleas that hatch from eggs is therefore sterile. As a result, no new eggs are added and the fleas die out. The cat (or dog) is free of fleas if you keep taking this medicine every two to three months. Animals that come outdoors will be re-infected with fertile fleas. Even people who come to visit you who have cats or dogs themselves can again bring a few fertile fleas or flea eggs (through their clothes) and cause a new infestation in the house. Because fleas are small, it is not always clear where they come from.
Stronghold is applied in the neck with a pipette. By spreading the coat locally with the index and middle fingers, you can empty the pipette onto the skin of the pet. Animals can sometimes be startled when you are doing this and run away. It is useful to hold your cat or dog briefly to apply the contents of a pipette. Always read the directions for use of each anti-parasite product and keep it away from children. Most flea remedies also work against other parasites, such as worms and ticks.
Cats and dogs eventually develop an allergy to fleas. They can get quite sick from this and the fleas really plague them. They are itching all the time and after some time also pain. They accidentally bite and scratch themselves and their skin shows a red, nasty rash that hurts a lot. They can also scratch the skin around the anus completely bare when itching. They can get inflammation and hairballs from biting and licking the skin a lot. Serious bald patches can also develop in the coat. Help them get rid of the fleas, only you can help them. If you don’t know where the itching is coming from, take them to the vet.