Horse Robes / Coat Colors
Horses come in various colors, this is called an old-fashioned word; Robes’. I just call it the coat color. Have seen an article about it before but came to the conclusion that not everything was mentioned and various colors not well by name. Here is an extensive overview of all possible colors, lots of color and reading pleasure of this article.
As it is known, there are many different types of coat colors in horse country, colors that you often encounter and colors that you hardly see or are even extinct. Most of us know brown, black and white and the well-known fox color, as they are roughly called, but luckily we haven’t finished talking about that yet.
White is a very special color, white is actually the result of a fungus. How quickly a horse turns white in its life differs per horse’s life and can give many surprises. One horse is only really white at the age of fifteen and the other is as white as snow when he is seven. You never see many white horses, although strangely enough you see more and more gray / white horses appearing in professional show jumping. This color only seems dominant in a few stallions, actually it is not really useful from a nature point of view to stand out like this. After all, a horse remains a flight animal that must be able to hide, for which white horse is it useful to hide behind the bushes? I would not know.
Strangely enough, there are some breeds such as the Camerque that are always white and still live in the wild, the wonders are not over yet.
Apple fungi or also called blue fungi because of the blue-gray apples all over the body are about the most common type of fungi in any case in the Netherlands. Blue molds usually still have completely black or gray mane. Blue / apple fungi are usually born black, if they are foals you can immediately see that it is a fungus because it has a light rim around the eyes and a white or light point on its tail. This is also called variable fungi because they always become whiter as they grow, so there are many names to think of.
Red or wine fungus
A red or wine fungus can turn completely white in the course of its life, just like an apple fungus, but this is not necessary!
Again, the rule applies if the tip of the tail is white or light in color and the foal has a light color around the eyes. The red or wine fungus is usually born as a fox and becomes lighter as it grows. Red fungi usually get apples all over the body, which of course gives a very nice effect.
A brown fungus is a fungus that is always born brown (otherwise no brown fungus). A brown grizzle has a brown coat and black mane and tail. Because a brown fungus is also a variable fungus, it will also be a bit lighter in color at the tip of its tail. As the foal grows, its brown coat will slowly lighten and apples will appear here again. The mane and tail will also slowly turn white, this is a rare type of fungus.
A horse becomes white or a fly fungus, a white horse can suddenly get flies when it gets older. A fly fungus is called because it all gets small brown dots all over its body, these are just like flies. These dots are about the size of poo flies. White horses do not always have to remain white but can change again, it is also possible that it will already get flies through its apples in an earlier period, you can not imagine it that bad. Fly apple fungi also exist.
Immutable Mold or Roan
In addition to changeable fungi, there are also immutable fungi, this is previously called Roan, which you pronounce as Roen. Roan is often a slightly fuzzy color, this can often be a nice combination of gray and brown. Usually the mane and tail are black in color but these can also be brown or a combination of both. A commonly used name is also called wild color, no horse is the same and there are very few of them. This color will still occur in Konik horses and with luck you will find a single home garden and kitchen pony with this color.
In my opinion the most common color in the horse world. Foxes come in different categories, but this is the easiest. The fox is a light brown shade and the same color all over the body, it is usually reddish and gives a nice shine. When this color is extremely red, a fox is a red fox, why is a fox called fox? because foxes are almost the same color. Fox color is usually accompanied by many markings on the head and legs, by markings we mean a blaze and white feet. Occasionally they have no markings, but take a closer look sometimes there are still a few white hairs hidden somewhere.
Sweat? where that name comes from I also think a bit strange. But a sweat fox is just like the common fox only with a light or white mane. By light you do not understand light brown but dirty white. This color is the standard color for our well-known haflingers, a beautiful breed for many horse lovers. Sweaty foxes often also have a blaze and white socks and otherwise a ball.
The Liver Fox is another story, it is quite dark brown in color, reminiscent of chocolate. It also has that light or white mane and tail and often markings. This color is also very rare and you usually only see it in certain breeds that are not really common here in the Netherlands. I always think a bit of Denmark and Poland with this color. With luck you will encounter a single horse in this color in the Netherlands.
Somewhat less special is black, although a really deep black horse can be special. Many black horses secretly still have a dark brown shine in the sun. Always take a good look at a black horse in sunlight first, often the soft parts such as the groin (between belly and hind legs) and the nose are dark brown and in the sun you can also see the undercoat well and then you will see that the undercoat of the hair is also a bit dark brown. Only when that is also black is a horse really black. Black is common with us and as specific with the Frisian, no markings are allowed here. With other species everything is possible, both markings and without. In any case, they are always very beautiful.
Brown is just as common as a fox, a brown horse has brown fur and a black mane and tail. A brown horse always has a black mane and tail! otherwise it is a fox or sweat fox. Brown horses are also always born brown and therefore little changes. Usually, like foxes, they also have many markings.
If you don’t have good eyesight and they are far away, they still want to be called cows, but horses can also have spots. Then you can distinguish them in brown fur: Black mane, brown spots Fox fur: Brown mane brown spots (fox color brown) and black fur: Black mane and black spots.
Sometimes they also have all three colors, then we just call it three colors of fur. Fur are dark spots on light fur, but with Paint horses, the variegated version of the Quarter Horse, it sometimes also wants light spots on dark undercoat.
Actually, the Appaloosa is a variety, but one with very special colors, this is either: White with brown or black dots, no dots like the fly fungus but larger of about 2cm in diameter.
They are also available in shabrak fur: The rear part of the horse is white with dark spots and the rest dark with white spots.
They are also available in only dark with white dots, these dots are usually small and again about the same as flies or even smaller and very irregularly distributed.
Actually hardly ever occurs anymore, mouse gray was the color of the extinct primeval horse the Tarpan. Mouse gray is now usually a wild color a Roan, mixed secretly with another color. Occasionally an unchanging fungus is only gray, then you can safely say mouse gray.
Vaal is actually just a kind of wild color, but I still want to discuss it separately because this is a very common color. This is yellowish beige with a faded stripe across the back. The faded stripe continues from the top of the moon to the tail, this is usually accompanied by light zebra stripes on the legs, but not necessarily. All immutable fungi usually also have a faded stripe and light zebra stripes on the legs. Only here this is less visible due to the dark color.
At Vaal, however, always, think of the Fjord. These are therefore always faded and you can count on seeing these characteristics. The fjord is known for its pale color and upright mane with the black stripe in the middle that also occurs in the tail. Hence the common color.
Now that you know more about colors, you will no longer be limited by black, brown and white. And I will certainly have forgotten one more, even though I think I have discussed everything. I hope you learned a lot again and really benefited from it. I tried to explain it to the best of my ability and I think it worked. Thanks!