Military dictatorship


The military dictatorship is a dictatorial regime in which the political power of the country rests with the senior soldiers. Within a military dictatorship, use can be made of political leaders who are appointed and supervised by the military.

In the context of Latin America, one speaks in particular of a (military) junta , but this name is and is also used for other regimes such as the colonel regime in Greece and the military administration of Myanmar.

Examples of military regimes are:

  • Argentine military dictatorship (Argentina): 1976-1983, successively under Jorge Videla, Roberto Viola, Leopoldo Galtieri and Reynaldo Bignone.
  • Burma / Myanmar: 1962-2011, successively under Ne Win, Saw Maung and Than Shwe.
  • Brazil: 1930-1945 under Getúlio Vargas, 1964-1984, successively under Humberto Castello Branco, Athur de Costa e Silva, Emílio Garrastazu Médici and Ernesto Geisel.
  • Chile: 1973-1990, under Augusto Pinochet.
  • Colonels regime (Greece): 1967-1974, under Georgios Papadopoulos and Dimitrios Ioannidis.
  • Guatemala: 1966-1982, including Julio César Méndez Montenegro.
  • Indonesia: 1965-1998 under Suharto.
  • Great Libyan Arab Socialist People's Jamahiriyah (Libya): 1969-2011, under Moammar al-Qadhafi.
  • Pakistan: 1977-1988, under Mohammed Zia-ul-Haq.
  • Thailand: 2006-2008, under General Surayud Chulanont
  • Spanish State (Spain): 1936-1975, under Francisco Franco.
  • Somalia: 1969-1991, under Major General Siad Barre.
  • Sergeant coup (Suriname): 1980-1988, under Desi Bouterse.
  • Turkey: 1960-1966, under Cemal Gürsel and Cevdet Sunay, 1971-1980 under İhsan Sabri Çağlayangil and Fahri Korutürk, 1980-1989 under Kenan Evren.

You may want to research for:

  • Junta



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