Where does the pizza come from?
No one is aware of it when he eats pizza, but this Italian dish has its origins long before our era with ancient peoples who already baked flat breads.
The Etruscans, a people who settled between the Arno and Tiber rivers on the Italian peninsula in the 9th century BC, already baked flat breads on hot stones and ate them with different spreads. At the same time, the Greeks living in southern Italy and Sicily did something similar, but they laid siege to them.plankturos?? (bread) already before baking. This simple dish was copied by the Romans and they called it ??panis focaciusbread baked on the fire. They made their bread from durum wheat. Virgil referred to it in his writings. Cato the Elder (234-149 BC), also called Cato de Censor, spoke in his speeches about a dish that looked like ??flat dough with olive oil, herbs and honey baked on stone??. As a result of the Roman conquests, this dish spread to Gaul.
In the time of Darius the Great (549-486 BC) Persian soldiers are said to have baked flat breads on their shields, which they ate with dates and cheese. These breads would also have been known to the Babylonians.
The Middle Ages and Later
In the Middle Ages, in Campania and more specifically around the city of Naples, a simple dish was eaten by peasants and poor workers that they ??picea?? called. The dough was covered with ingredients that were easy to obtain and cheap, such as onions, bacon, oil, olives and herbs. The import of the first tomatoes from South America from 1522 was the beginning of the custom of topping the dough with tomatoes.
People who did not have access to a dish to prepare could have it prepared at a bakery. Over time, the ??pizzaioli?? (pizza bakers) turned away from the ordinary bakers. Pizza thus became a popular dish in the 17th century, and not only in the Naples area anymore, as visitors to the city discovered the pizza bakers and were charmed by them. The pizza was eaten out of hand: they closed it (??a libretto??) and ate it on the street.
In Naples the story goes that the king of Naples, Ferdinand of Bourbon in 1772 the rules of etiquette would have been ignored and by the pizza baker Antonio Testa allegedly stepped in because he was curious about the dish that was so popular with his people. Soon the Neapolitan nobles also proved to be able to taste the pizza, which meant that it found acceptance in all layers of the population.
Around the year 1000, this dish became in the Neapolitan dialect ?? picea ?? or ?? piza ?? mentioned, but it is not yet clear whether this is the origin of the name. Four theories are circulating:
- Picea does ?? instant ?? which refers to the movement of the baker as he deposits the dough from the baker’s shovel into the oven.
- It can have a Latin origin, for example a derivation of pits / pitt (‘point, peak’), pix (‘pitch, tar’) or pinsere (‘to hit, stamp’) which refers to the Romans.
- It may be derived from a Gothic or Longobardic word related to the old German bizzo, “piece of bread, chunk of food” (we recognize ourselves biting in it). The Longobards were a North Germanic tribe that settled around 500 in Lombardy, among other places.
- It may have originated from the Greek pitta, the Hebrew pittah or the Arabic ?? pita ?? which ‘flat bread, Turkish bread ?? mean. The Saracens ruled Sicily and Sardinia in the 9th and 10th centuries.
Origin of the pizzeria
In 1830, the first pizzeria where you could continue to eat your pizza was opened, an innovation at the time. The ??Port Alba?? in Naples was unaware that it was establishing a trend that still persists.
The first order at home ?? to deliver Raffaele Esposito, a well-known Neapolitan pizza baker, in 1889. King Umberto I. and his wife Margherita wished to have the simple dish delivered to their residence and placed their order with the bewildered baker. Esposito chose three types of pizza: the ??Mastunicola?? with lard, cheese and basil, the ??Marinara?? with garlic, origano, oil and tomatoes and the third he made in the colors of the Italian flag with tomatoes (red), mozzarella cheese (white) and basil (green). He called this the ??Pizza Margherita?? in honor of the queen. Since then, this pizza has become one of the most popular worldwide.
Italian wave of emigration
At the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, millions of Italians emigrated to the United States by steamboat with the hope of making a lot of money in a short time. They took the pizza that originally remained popular within the Italian community. It was not until the late 1950s that the dish began to make its way across America and began to be part of the most popular American fast food dishes such as burgers and hot dogs.
On June 15, 1958, two students at Wichita State University opened a pizzeria they called Pizza Hut because it was housed in a small building. Today, there are some 34,000 offices around the world and more than 300,000 people work there.