Children of (usually) five or six years go to group 2 of primary school. Many schools have so-called ‘combination classes’; group 1 and 2 together, other schools have a separate group 2. What is the difference between group 1 and group 2, and what does a child learn in group 2? Read about it in this article.
Playing and working
Although children in group 2 still learn a lot through playing, just like in group 1, the emphasis in group 2 is already really on working. Children in group 2 are being prepared to move on to group 3, where playing has less of the upper hand. Many primary schools teach children in group 2 to plan their own activities and activities, by means of a planning board or a weekly task. This usually goes very well playful, with colors, magnets or stickers. Children learn to think for themselves about the work that has to be done in a week, such as making a puzzle, a craft project or other assignment. In combination classes, group 2 students are really the ‘elders’, and they are allowed to help children from group 1 with daily tasks such as putting on a coat or tying shoelaces.
What can a child in group 2 do?
Of course this differs per child, but in general there is something to be said about this. The average 5 or 6 year old toddler can:
- Naming the days of the week
- Counting (over the tens)
- Naming the colors
- Naming all kinds of objects / things (vocabulary)
- Writing the letterforms
- Chop words into pieces
- Build targeted towers and houses (etc.)
- Repeating rhymes
- Come up with your own rhyming words
- Dressing and undressing themselves
- Follow the teacher’s instructions
- Briefly retelling a story chronologically
The above are just a few of a long list of things that pre-schoolers in grade 2 can do. Of course it can vary a lot per child; one child, for example, will have a lot be interested for words and writing them, someone else is even less concerned with that. A teacher will keep a close eye on the development of pre-school children in grade 2. Especially to see if it is ready for group 3. An extra year of ‘toddler learning’ does not have to be bad at all, it can make a child more confident.
The socio-emotional development
While children in group 1 still tend to think quite a lot from themselves (egocentric), this will change more and more in group 2. Magical thinking (for example: a child sees a toy rabbit and thinks that the toy rabbit is real) disappears little by little. If all goes well, children in group 2 learn to play together more and more, instead of playing next to each other. Stimulating the imagination is very important here. Primary schools often respond to this by paying attention to social skills and playing in the square, but also by offering all kinds of themes, for example.
In group 2, all kinds of activities are offered in the field of language, arithmetic, music, technology, physical movement, creative development, English and so on. Although the teacher is free goal oriented working towards goals with preschoolers, a child will not notice this 1,2,3. Many subjects are dealt with in a playful way and by means of songs, activities, games and so on.